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The Anatomy of Safety Change

Updated: Dec 16, 2023


In the dynamic environment of the oil and gas industry, managing change effectively is crucial for maintaining robust safety standards. As a Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE) Professional, I’ve come to appreciate the intricate relationship between human psychology and safety. Understanding the brain’s response to change can provide valuable insights into managing resistance and fostering a culture that embraces safety improvements.


The Brain’s Response to Change in Safety Practices

  1. Understanding the Prefrontal Lobe: This part of the brain is responsible for rational thinking and problem-solving. When faced with new challenges or changes in safety protocols, it’s the prefrontal lobe that processes this information logically. Engaging in this area effectively can help employees rationalize and accept changes in safety practices.

  2. The Role of the Basal Ganglia: As tasks become routine, the basal ganglia, which is responsible for habit formation, takes over. This shift to habitual action is a form of energy conservation by the brain. However, it can lead to complacency in safety practices, making the introduction of new protocols challenging.

  3. Amygdala’s Response to Perceived Threats: The amygdala triggers our survival instincts, responding similarly to both physical and social threats. In the context of workplace safety, changes that are perceived as threatening can trigger a fight or flight response, hindering the acceptance of new safety measures.


Overcoming Resistance to Change

  1. Engagement and Ownership: Encouraging employee involvement in developing and implementing changes can engage the rational part of the brain. This approach helps employees view change as a logical, manageable process rather than a threat.

  2. Addressing Fear and Overload: It’s crucial to understand and address the natural triggers of resistance like fear, overload, confusion, and conflict. Clear communication about the rationale behind changes and their benefits can help alleviate these concerns.

  3. Effective Communication by Safety Professionals: The manner in which safety professionals engage with the workforce is critical. Respectful, inclusive communication can facilitate acceptance, whereas dismissive or rude interactions can trigger negative responses.

  4. Empowering Supervisors as Coaches: Often, supervisors may not be equipped with the necessary skills to coach their teams through change. Training supervisors to be effective coaches and communicators can significantly enhance the change management process.


Change management in the oil and gas industry, especially regarding safety, requires a nuanced understanding of the human brain’s response to change. By engaging the rational thought processes of the prefrontal lobe, managing the habitual actions controlled by the basal ganglia, and mitigating the amygdala’s threat response, safety professionals can facilitate smoother transitions to new safety protocols. The key lies in effective engagement, clear communication, addressing fears, and empowering leaders at all levels to champion safety change initiatives. Understanding the ‘anatomy’ of change is a crucial step towards enhancing safety performance in this ever-evolving industry.

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